About CPC P-3
The CPC P-3 model
The Child-Parent Center Preschool to 3rd Grade (CPC P-3) model is a center-based early childhood model that provides comprehensive educational and family support services, primarily in low-income neighborhoods. Established by the Chicago Public School District in 1967, the CPC has demonstrated for over four decades that it is one of the nation’s most effective educational reform strategies.
Because of their demonstrated impact on well-being, early childhood interventions are at the forefront of prevention for improving educational success and health. The goal of the CPC program is to improve early childhood education through family engagement and high quality instruction, making transition to the next grade easier.
CPC P-3 provides students a supportive learning environment that is consistent, stable, and predictable, while it also increases collaboration between school staff, the community, and parents. In the CPC P-3 program, sites implement six core elements:
Learn more about the elements here.
The Child-Parent Center (CPC) Program was originally established in 1967 through funding from Title I of the landmark Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. It is the second oldest (after Head Start) federally funded preschool program in the U. S. and is the oldest extended early childhood intervention.
Approximately 1,000 children enrolled in the Child-Parent Centers in Chicago from 1985-1986 became part of the Chicago Longitudinal Study, along with 550 students in a matched control group. The study investigates the long-term educational and social development of low-income, minority children who grew up in high-poverty neighborhoods in central-city Chicago and attended government-funded kindergarten programs in the Chicago Public Schools. Learn more about the study here.
Initially implemented in four sites in Chicago and later expanded to 25, the program originally served families in high-poverty neighborhoods that were not being served by other early childhood programs. The program was substantially revised in 2012 by Arthur Reynolds at the University of Minnesota as a comprehensive school reform model to serve children in a broad variety of geographic and economic contexts.
Under an Investing in Innovation Grant from the U.S. Department of Education, Human Capital Research Collaborative (HCRC) began an expansion of the CPC program in 2012 in four school districts, including St. Paul, Minnesota, and Chicago, Evanston, and Normal in Illinois.
The Midwest CPC Expansion (MCPC) has been a hallmark project of the HCRC, a partnership between the University of Minnesota and the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis to promote effective public policies and programs for young people through multidisciplinary research on human development and learning.
Watch a video about the history of CPCs here.
Current CPC sites
Chicago Public Schools
Velma Thomas (PreK only)
Normal/ Unit 5
Saint Paul Public Schools
American Indian Magnet School
Rochester Head Start
Rochester Public Schools
Madison Public Schools